Diseases Found Through Fecalysis and Urinalysis
The researchers thought of a topic wherein the researchers could benefit and relate the study to their field which is Medical Technology. The chosen study was entitled Diseases Found through Fecalysis and Urinalysis in the Philippine Women’s University Community.
According to the researchers, the goal of the study is to determine the common disease of the PWU students since knowing the common disease through urinalysis and fecalysis can help bring out awareness to everyone that these tests should not just be ignored because if so, the diseases could affect one’s daily living. Thus, fulfilling it was a big thing. Objectives were listed, researches were conducted, limitations were seen and the study was further analyzed; the data were gathered and the procedures were done.
The researchers conducted the study by using a tabular questionnaire as seen in Table 1 and sent it to the clinic. The researchers calculated the mean of the infected students in the tabular presentation data and the calculated Mean of the UTI-infected students was 9 while none of the respondents were infected in their fecal samples.
In the end, the researchers concluded that urinalysis and fecalysis were definitely beneficial and that these helped spread awareness of living a healthier way even in the littlest ways viable. It is recommended for future researchers to know the common cause of UTI and how to prevent such. Lastly, the researchers could extend the time of study and so there would be increased number of respondents to be examined.
The first laboratory test performed in medicine and has been used for several thousand years was Urinalysis. Today, urinalysis keeps on to be a great tool in obtaining important information for diagnostic purposes in medicine. Urine is an unstable fluid, and changes to its composition begin to take place as soon as it is voided.
As such, collection, storage, and handling are important issues in maintaining the integrity of this specimen. In the laboratory, urine can be characterized by physical appearance, chemical composition, and microscopically. Physical examination of urine includes description of color, odor, clarity, volume, and specific gravity, and this is taken from Echeverry, Hortin, and Rai. (2010).
Routine and Microscopy
(R&M) is commonly known as Urinalysis. It is an array of tests performed on urine and one of the most common methods of medical diagnosis. It can reveal diseases that have gone unnoticed because they do not show striking signs or symptoms. Examples of the diseases include diabetes mellitus, various forms of glomerulonephritis, and chronic urinary tract infections.
The physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine is called urinalysis. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine. Shtasel’s (2000) book entitled, Medical Tests and Diagnostic Procedure, Fecalysis is known as stool analysis. It refers to a series of laboratory tests done on fecal samples to analyze the condition of a person’s digestive tract in general.
Among other things, fecalysis is performed to check for the presence of any reducing substances such as white blood cells (WBCs), sugars, or bile and signs of poor absorption as well as screen for colon cancer. The accuracy of fecalysis can be compromised if a patient has not been properly educated about what he can and cannot do before or during the test. Fecal analysis is performed mainly to identify parasites. Sometimes, stool may be checked for dangerous bacteria, like salmonella, or for viral infections like parvovirus and corona virus. These tests are usually only performed when the pet is suspected of having these diseases and are not routine.
According to Kee and LeFeve‘s (2001) Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic tests, the purpose of Urinalysis and Fecalysis are performed for several reasons: general evaluation of health; diagnosis of metabolic or systemic diseases that affect kidney function; diagnosis of endocrine disorders; diagnosis of diseases or disorders of the kidneys or urinary tract; monitoring of patients with diabetes; testing for pregnancy screening for drug abuse.
This study only focuses on knowing the diseases which fecalysis and urinalysis will show. Moreover, the researchers intend to find out if the said tests are really needed to be conducted. Due to complexities and limited time, the researchers neither engage themselves into studies that deal on the causes of the diseases nor into ways on how to cure the diseases.
Our primary objective in our study is to provide information regarding health awareness. Furthermore, the parameters of this study are set only from the two tests conducted, arranged procedures, written statements of the problem, listed recommendations and up to the feasibility of accomplishing a research paper.