How to control: Several engineering measures and work practices are recommended to control ergonomic hazards during garment transfer, pressing and bagging activities. Include modifying equipment, making changes in work practices and purchasing new tools or other devices to assist in the production process. By making these changes, it has reduced physical demands, and eliminated unnecessary movements and lowered injuries. Personal protective equipment: Watch what’s happening around you, don’t work in confined spaces, have good posture and don’t be lazy.
Use all the safety requirements when using heavy or dangerous equipment. Physical Hazards How to control: Some strategies to controlling a physical hazard includes. Effective detection and elimination systems. Effective facility maintenance. On-line visual inspection, Detection methods include metal detectors, x-ray machines, optical systems. Good manufacturing practices, End product screening etc. PEE: Wear your hard hats, use all the WHAMS symbols too help you. All your basic safety equipment; gloves, glasses, etc. Psychosocial How to control: Don’t work with heavy or dangerous material when you are stressed, over tired or under the influence of drugs and alcohol. Personal protective equipment: Put signs to help you such as ” Any form of abuse will not be tolerated her”. Stress relieving activities such as massages, face masks, or even try changing your diet. Chemical Hazards How to control: Remove the hazard from the work place. Control any injuries in a way that is necessary. Such as eyes, if you get chemicals in your eyes there are equipment to wash out your eyes as fast as possible.
Personal protective equipment: Equipment worn by individuals to reduce exposure such as contact with chemicals or exposure to noise. Biological How to control: Controlling Biological is quit impel and common sense. If you have the flu, you take all the medication that is necessary, and stay out of public too avoid spreading germs. If medication doesn’t do the trick, going to see a doctor is your second most effective Way Of getting well again. Doctors will supply you with the proper medication or treatment that is required Personal Protective Equipment: wearing surgical masks when needed.
Fire safety Examining and justifying the need for fire safety legislation/standards. The main reason why we have the need for safety and legislation standards for fire safety is so we all know how to handle a fire in he most safe and effective way. By exciting the safest ways etc. Before starting a new job, you must make sure you are aware of where all fire equipment lays in the area. Elements of fire include qualities of brightness, thinness, and motion. Fire we use the warm our homes, too cook our food, side around it to ward the night an active element which is contrary to water.
Fire is the converter of the energy of other objects into other forms such as, heat, light, ash and smoke. Addressing fire hazards & fire prevention Messy crowded building, such as pulp mills have multiple fire hazards, to keep things safe and orderly notations, you can make signs, to notify people to the dangers that they might face. Or if you find an unsafe condition that you are unsure how too handle, report it! Tell the manager/coordinator. Fire prevention: Take cooking for example, to avoid fire caused by cooking; ;Don’t leave cooking food/grills unattended. Keep things that can burn (think dishtowels, paper or plastic bags) at least three feet away from the stove top ; Loose-fitting clothes can catch on fire, so be sure to roll up long sleeves. Fire classifications and comparing the appropriate extinguishers Class A: Fires involving ordinary combustible materials, such as paper, wood, and textile fibers, where a cooling, blanketing, or wetting extinguishing agent is needed. Class B: Fires involving flammable liquids such as gasoline, thinners, lullabies paints and greases. Extinguishers for this type of fire include carbon dioxide, dry chemical* and halogenated agent types.
Class C: Fires involving energize electrical equipment, where a no conducting gaseous clean agent or smothering agent is needed. The most common type of extinguisher for this class is a carbon dioxide extinguisher. Class D: Fires involving combustible metals such as magnesium, sodium, potassium, titanium, and aluminum. Special dry powder* extinguishing agents are required for this class of fire, and must be tailored to the specific hazardous metal. Class K: Fires involving commercial cooking appliances with vegetable oils, animal oils, or fats at high temperatures. A wet potassium acetate, low pH- based agent is used for this class of fire.
Electrical Safety/Hazards At home; Frayed or worn electric cords, Electrical appliances such as radios, hairdryers, or radiators used near showers, baths or swimming pools. Wet floors are resent where electricity is used. At School; The Smart Board wiring Ordinary outlets near water sources, faulty equipment. At work; Overloading electrical circuits and extension cords, Electrically operated office equipment such as computers, printers, scanners and shredders should also be checked regularly to ensure their power cords are not defective, frayed or improperly installed.
Address these fire hazards by always having the proper equipment. Keep fire preventable materials locked up, never throw water of your fires in the kitchen, always salt or soda. Don’t overload circuits by putting to many plugs into one. Electrical Safety Your own safety plan for establishing a safe work conditions are keep informed on how to be safe, do your research on electrical safety and let others know what you know. Lockout/tag out procedures; lockout is the isolation of energy from the system (a machine or equipment) which physically locks the system in a safe mode.
The energy-isolating device can be a manually operated disconnect switch, a circuit breaker, or a line valve. Tag out is a labeling process that is always used when lockout is required. The process of tagging out a system involves attaching or using an indicator Ladder Safety Step ladders are often used both for inside and outside electrical connections. Extension ladders allow the user to reach heights that step ladders cannot reach. Plat form ladders allows you to work on any project that requires you to use two hands as safely as if you were on the ground itself.
Being able to rotate around and work in which ever direction you need helps you to work safer and faster. Folding ladders are normally used for smaller inside tasks. These ladders have the ability to fold up when not in use for extremely easy storage. Know The Climbing Limits. Look Around For Hidden Dangers Before Climbing A Ladder Tie Off Ladders For Safety Use Proper Ladder Angles What to inspect? Missing or loose steps or rungs, damaged or worn non-slip feet, loose nails, screws, bolts or nuts, rot, decay or warped rails in wooden ladders. Etc. Proper storage; where they are protected from the weather, horizontally on racks.
Ensure that storage areas are easy to reach, tie ladders to each support point to reduce damage. Etc. Confined Space Safety TO find Out whether a space is confined or not, ask yourself, Is the space fully or partially enclosed? Is the space not both designed and constructed for continuous human occupancy? Confined space” means a fully or partially enclosed space, that is not both designed and constructed for continuous human occupancy, and in which atmospheric hazards may occur because of its construction, location or contents or because of work that is done in it.
Confined Space Associated Dangers in confined spaces can include: ;Poor air quality: There may be an insufficient amount of oxygen for the worker to breathe. ;Chemical exposures due to skin contact or ingestion as well as inhalation of ‘bad’ air. ;Safety hazards such as moving parts of equipment, structural hazards, entanglement, slips, falls. Uncontrolled energy including electrical shock. Before entering a confined space/Creating your own plan you should test the quality of the air, care should be taken to ensure that air is tested throughout the confined space – side-to-side and top to bottom.
Always ensure the testing equipment is properly calibrated and maintained Rescue Plan Training requirements; address the following: the company’s policy and confined space program limiting the employees’ access to confined spaces and their hazards, they must recognize the confined space warning and identification signs; changes in use or configuration f non-permit spaces that could require the space to be reclassified as a permit-required space; and, finally, procedures that address employees of other companies who enter and work in the prerequisites confined spaces of the employer.
WHIMS Why WHIMS? WHIMS is a System is a proper safety compliance system designed for workers involved in handling different kinds of hazardous materials. Classes of WHIMS Class A – Compressed gas WHIMS Class DO. SVGA Class B -Flammable and combustible material Class C – Oxidize material Class D-l – Materials causing immediate and serious toxic effects Class D-2 – Materials causing other toxic effects Class D-3 – Bio hazardous infectious Labels on controlled products label is one of the ways health hazard information is made available to anyone using the material.