Last week, you evaluated on-scene analysis and documentation. This  week, the focus will shift to the scientific processes accomplished  within the crime laboratory. In addition to the scientific processes, it  is important to understand the standards applied to determine if the  scientific process and its results can or should be admitted at trial.  While science uses the peer review process to evaluate credibility, the  courts also use case law to evaluate the standards for forensic science.
Prior to beginning work on this assignment, please review the following:

From the text: 

Chapter 5: Forensic Toxicology
Chapter10: Blood and Other Biological Fluids
Chapter 11: DNA Analysis

The articles: 

Surrogate Testimony After Williams: A New Answer to the Question of Who May Testify Regarding the Contents of a Laboratory Report
What  Happens If Autopsy Reports Are Found Testimonial?: The Next Steps to  Ensure the Admissibility of These Critical Documents in Criminal Trials
To Analyse a Trace or Not? Evaluating the Decision-Making Process in the Criminal Investigation
Examining the Role of Science in the Courtroom: Admissibility and Reliability of Forensic Science in the Courtroom
Testing the Testimonial Doctrine: The impact of Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts on State-level Criminal Prosecutions an Procedure

The e-book Forensic Science Evidence: Can the Law Keep up with Science? 
From the video Forensic Science in Action: From Crime Scene to Courtroom: Segment 6. Forensics: Examination of the Victim 03:25
The video Duties of a Forensic Scientist in the Forensic Biology Lab shown above.

You must use at least three Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) in addition to the course text.
You are also strongly encouraged to review the recommended sources, which may further support this assignment.
In your paper, address the following:

Evaluate the evolution of forensic science, focusing on the types of scientific analysis conducted in crime laboratories.

Explain how the changes in science and evidence processing over the last century have affected the criminal justice system.

Describe at least four major types of scientific testing conducted by crime laboratories.

Describe the evidentiary value of the four major testing processes identified.

Analyze the current standards (based on case law) for admitting  scientific evidence at trial, specifically addressing the four types of  scientific testing identified in your paper.

The Science of Evidence paper

Must be 750 words in length (not including title and references  pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford  Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.) 
Must include a separate title page with the following: 

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

For further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.).
Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance.
Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your  introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that  indicates the purpose of your paper. 


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