Windshield Survey Report on Rates of HIV/AIDS Conducted Across Fulton County in Georgia
Conduct a windshield survey to identify a population and its primary health concern . Develop a 2 page report that explains the demographic changes for a population and describes the health disparities and the social determinants of health that can affect the population.
Note: The assessment in this course build upon each other. You are strongly encouraged to complete them in sequence.
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria.
Competency 1: Explain the principles and concepts of disease prevention and health promotion for diverse and vulnerable populations.
Describe a vulnerable or diverse population living within a neighborhood or community.
Describe health risks and health care needs for a vulnerable or diverse population.
Competency 3: Apply basic epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools and databases to determine the effectiveness of health promotion and disease prevention initiatives for diverse and vulnerable populations.
Explain demographic changes for a vulnerable or diverse population.
Competency 4: Examine the ethical, legal and economic factors related to health disparities in diverse and vulnerable populations.
Identify health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect a vulnerable or diverse population.
Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional and consistent with expectations for members of the health care professions.Describe the overall condition of a neighborhood or community.
Write content clearly and logically with correct use of grammar, punctuation and mechanics.
Correctly format paper, citation and references using APA style.
A windshield survey is an inexpensive, time-efficient way to assess and better understand a community and the people who live within that community. Understanding the demographics of a community will help you determine the health related issues that are likely to exist so you can plan the most appropriate types of wellness programs, health education and disease prevention programs. Windshield surveys are done by making visual observations of a neighborhood or community while driving hence the name. This type of survey lets you observe the housing conditions, use of open spaces, shopping, schools, type of transportation, human services, protective services and other aspects of the overall daily life of a community.
Before you start, you need to identify the boundaries of the neighborhood or community you plan to observe. For the purpose of this course, you should keep the size of the area to no more than 2-3 square miles. The are should be large enough for you to gather relevant information, but small enough that your observation does not take you more than 1-2 hours. With this size, it is not necessary to use a car to complete the survey, you can also walk or bike. Whichever method you use, be mindful of your personal safety. It may be helpful to map out the route you will take ahead of time. It can also be helpful (and safer) to have another person do the driving while you observe and make notes.
Once you are on the route, start making observations right away. Stop frequently to write down notes. A template is provided in the Required Resources to help you document your observations.
The timing of your observations can be important in helping you focus on specific items. If possible, consider conducting your survey more than once at different times of the day. For example, if you make your observations too early in the morning, you may miss things that take place later in the day that provide a different perspective of the neighborhood. It is also important to be as objective as possible when making your observations.
Now you will need to do some research on the population you described:
Explain how the demographics for the population have changed over the past 5-10 years. Note: This information should be readily available through the United States Census Bureau, similar state web sites, the Bureau of Labor Statistics or other professional sites. Be sure your information is current.
Describe the most prevalent health risks of the population. For example, if your population is senior citizens, then the health risks might be diabetes and loss of mobility. Include statistics on the health risks, such as frequency of occurrence in the population and number of deaths per year in the population.
Identify the health disparities and the social determinants of health that can affect the population. In other words, what will you need to overcome to develop a successful health promotion and disease prevention program for the population?
Your completed assessment should be 2 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page. Support your information with references to at least three professional, scholarly or government resources and follow the current APA guidelines for your in-text citations and references.